Acolyte (Congregational) - A person recommended by the joint board of the congregation and approved by the PEC. Congregational acolytes assist a pastor in various areas of ministry including the distribution of the elements of Holy Communion.
Acolyte (Provincial) - A person appointed by the PEC to serve as a lay pastor with permission to administer the sacraments only in the congregation served. (Southern Province only, see Licensed Minister)
Bishop - Third order of the ministry of Word and Sacrament with privileges of officiating for ordinations and consecrations on the commission by the PEC. A Bishop is a pastor to pastors, intercessor for the church, and leader in matters spiritual and doctrinal.
Board of Elders - Elected members of a congregation for a given term of service to oversee and direct the spiritual affairs of the congregation.
Board of Trustees - Elected members of a congregation for a given term of service to oversee and direct the financial affairs and care for church property of the congregation.
Books of Order - The written constitution of a Province, with definitions of service for agencies and affiliated institutions along with recommendations for local congregational order. They contain statements of belief commensurate with the Church Order of the
Unitas Fratrum - Each province has its own Book of Order consistent with COUF.
Church Council - A legislative gathering of communicant members of a congregation, gathering at least annually, to elect Elders and Trustees, and to address matters of great importance to the congregation, excluding the call of a pastor.
Church Order of the Unitas Fratrum (COUF) - The fundamental documents, structure and organization of the world-wide Unity, proceedings of the most recent Unity Synod, and Rules of Order for doing business as a Unity Synod.
Covenant for Christian Living - A statement of the church on its faith and life through which members may become aware of the nature of their Christian commitment. Though this document originated in Germany in 1727, it has various editions throughout the Provinces of the Unity.
Daily Texts - A book of daily devotional readings of scripture, hymns and prayers. It was first published in 1731 and is now available in 50 languages and dialects.
Deacon - The first order of ministry of Word and Sacrament with the privilege of officiating at all rites and sacraments except the ordination of deacons and the consecration of presbyters or bishops.
District - Congregations in a geographic region designated by a synod. Synods have established districts with differing degrees of authority and responsibility.
District Board - An administrative body to oversee a district's administration and/or programs.
District Conference (Northern Province only) - A gathering of congregational delegates and district personnel to review important issues of a district for the purpose of education, inspiration, and making recommendations to a district synod.
District Synod (Northern Province only) - The legislative body of a district meeting at a designated interval of time.
Ground of the Unity - The basic statement of belief of the Moravian Church.
Interprovincial Agencies - Program agencies constituted by Northern and Southern Province synods to direct ministries on behalf of both provinces.
Intersynodal Conference (Southern Province only) - A gathering of congregational delegates and provincial personnel to review important issues for the purpose of education, inspiration, and making recommendations to a provincial synod.
Joint Board - The Elders and Trustees of a congregation meeting jointly. Primary responsibilities of the Joint Board are to confer with the PEC for the call of a pastor and to approve the annual budget.
Licensed Minister (Northern Province only) - A person appointed by the PEC to serve as a lay pastor. The license may include the privilege of administering the sacraments in the congregation served.
Lovefeast - A worship service growing out of the agapé practice of the apostolic church. It is primarily a song service in which each person is served simple meal, such as a bun and cup of coffee. Lovefeasts are appropriate for anniversaries, missionary occasions, or other occasions in which there is a desire to stress the headship of Christ and the fellowship of the church.
Membership - As of December 31, 1999, total membership of the Moravian Church in America was 48,070. This includes 38,378 communing members, and 9,272 non-communing youth and children. There were 103 congregations in the Northern Province and 57 in the Southern Province.
Moravian Book of Worship - The primary worship resource for the Moravian Church in America, containing liturgies, canticles and hymns.
Moravian Book of Worship Manual for Worship Planners - Articles on Moravian worship, the church year, liturgies, rites and sacraments, psalms and canticles, and hymns. Indices not in the Moravian Book of Worship are included.
Official Directory - The roll of clergy is published annually in the Directory and Statistics, which is included in the Daily Texts book.
PECs Meeting Jointly - Annual consultation of the PECs, North and South, to discuss matters of common concern and interest.
Presbyter - The second order of ministry of Word and Sacrament. Consecration as a Presbyter is an act of spiritual encouragement and affirmation by the Church commissioned by the PEC, normally after 3-5 years of service as a Deacon. Only Presbyters are candidates for election as Bishop.
President of the Provincial Elders' Conference - A person (either lay or clergy) elected by a provincial synod to serve as the leading administrative officer of the province during the intersynodal period. The president serves as one of the elected members of the PEC.
Province - The worldwide Unity is made up of 19 provinces, each with its own constitution and Book of Order. Provinces are linked together for mutual help and cooperation as the Unity.
Provincial Agencies - Synod-constituted agencies to give direction to particular areas of ministry.
Provincial Elders' Conference (PEC) - A body of synod-elected individuals to direct and lead the province between the synods according to directions given in the Book of Order of the Province. Seven persons comprise the PEC/North (three clergy, four lay) and five persons comprise the PEC/South (three clergy, two lay) In some provinces the more common terminology is Provincial Board.
Provincial Synod - The legislative body of a Province meeting at designated intervals.
Sacraments - There are two sacraments in the Moravian Church, Holy Communion and Baptism.
Services for Holy Communion - A publication of additional communion services, supplement to the Moravian Book of Worship.
Standards of Responsible Behavior for Ordained Ministers - A document outlining the expectations of the Moravian Church in America for its ordained ministers, included in the Book of Order.
Unitas Fratrum - Latin for Unity of Brethren, another name for the Moravian Church.
Unity Board - Administrative Board of the Moravian Unity. The Unity Board consists of one member of each provincial board and acts on behalf of the Unity between Unity Synods. An Advisory Committee acts on behalf of the Unity Board between meetings of the Board. The Advisory Committee is comprised of the Unity Board Chair, the Vice Chair, and representatives from each of the two regions not already represented by the Chair and Vice Chair. (The regions of the Unity are Africa, the Caribbean, Europe, and North America).
Unity Synod - Convenes once every seven years as the highest, worldwide authority of the Moravian Church with representatives from each province.References for Glossary Terms